Sarawak

MC Magistrates
33
SC Judges
17
Total Courtrooms
55

Pahang

MC Magistrates
14
SC Judges
8
Total Courtrooms
19

Pulau Pinang

MC Magistrates
15
SC Judges
11
Total Courtrooms
37

Johor

MC Magistrates
15
SC Judges
16
Total Courtrooms
35

Negeri Sembilan

MC Magistrates
13
SC Judges
6
Total Courtrooms
18

Sabah

MC Magistrates
24
SC Judges
39
Total Courtrooms
59

Perak

MC Magistrates
26
SC Judges
10
Total Courtrooms
37

Kedah

MC Magistrates
16
SC Judges
8
Total Courtrooms
23

Melaka

MC Magistrates
6
SC Judges
5
Total Courtrooms
10

Kelantan

MC Magistrates
12
SC Judges
8
Total Courtrooms
21

Kuala Lumpur

MC Magistrates
18
SC Judges
25
Total Courtrooms
47

Terengganu

MC Magistrates
9
SC Judges
5
Total Courtrooms
14

Selangor

MC Magistrates
26
SC Judges
30
Total Courtrooms
52

Perlis

MC Magistrates
1
SC Judges
1
Total Courtrooms
2

Kangar, Perlis

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Butterworth, Penang

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
4

Georgetown, Penang

SC Judges
6
MC Magistrates
8
SC Courtrooms
14
MC Courtrooms
11

Balik Pulau, Penang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Juru, Penang

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Bukit Mertajam, Penang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
2

Pengkalan Hulu, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Selama, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Taiping, Perak

SC Judges
2
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
2

Pantai Remis, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Kangsar, Perak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
3

Parit Buntar, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Langkap, Perak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Parit , Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Teluk Intan, Perak

SC Judges
2
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
2

Kampar, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Gerik, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Lenggong, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Batu Gajah, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sungai Siput, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Ipoh, Perak

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
5
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
5

Slim River, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Tapah, Perak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sungai Besar, Selangor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Selangor, Selangor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Klang, Selangor

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
4

Telok Datok, Selangor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kajang, Selangor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Kubu Baru, Selangor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sepang, Selangor

SC Judges
2
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Bangi, Selangor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
0

Ampang, Selangor

SC Judges
3
MC Magistrates
4
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
4

Petaling Jaya, Selangor

SC Judges
5
MC Magistrates
5
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
4

Kuala Lumpur

SC Judges
25
MC Magistrates
18
SC Courtrooms
21
MC Courtrooms
26

Lenggeng, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Seremban, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
6
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
5

Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Rembau, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Tampin, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Gemas, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Bahau, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Jelebu, Negeri Sembilan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Alor Gajah, Malacca

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Melaka, Malacca

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
4
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
4

Segamat, Johor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Tangkak, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Muar, Johor

SC Judges
2
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
3

Yong Peng, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Batu Pahat, Johor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Pontian, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Pekan Nenas, Johor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Kulai, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Johor Bharu, Johor

SC Judges
10
MC Magistrates
5
SC Courtrooms
10
MC Courtrooms
5

Pengerang, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kota Tinggi, Johor

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Kluang, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Mersing, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Labis, Johor

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Raub, Pahang

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Bentong, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kemayan, Pahang

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Temerloh, Pahang

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Pekan, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Rompin, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Maran, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuantan, Pahang

SC Judges
5
MC Magistrates
5
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
5

Jerantut, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Lipis, Pahang

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Besut, Terengganu

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Ajil, Terengganu

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Dungun, Terengganu

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Setiu, Terengganu

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu

SC Judges
3
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
4

Marang, Terengganu

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Berang, Terengganu

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kemaman, Terengganu

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Pasir Mas, Kelantan

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Tanah Merah, Kelantan

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Jeli, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Krai, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Gua Masang, Kelantan

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Machang, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Pasir Putih, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kota Bharu, Kelantan

SC Judges
5
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
6

Bachok, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Tumpat, Kelantan

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kota Belud, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
1

Kudat, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Tuaran, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuala Penyu, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Papar, Sabah

SC Judges
3
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
1

Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
4
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
3

Beaufort, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
4
MC Courtrooms
1

Sipitang, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Tenom/Nabawan, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Ranau, Sabah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Beluran, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
1

Sandakan, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
3

Lahad Datu, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Semporna, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Tawau, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
2

Kinabatangan, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Keningau, Sabah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Sibu, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
2

Daro, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Dalat, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sebauh*, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sarikei, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Samara Han , Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Saratok, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Simunjan*, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Kuching, Sarawak

SC Judges
6
MC Magistrates
4
SC Courtrooms
7
MC Courtrooms
5

Serian, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Bau, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Lundu*, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sri Aman, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Lubuk Antu, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Betong, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kanowit , Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Song, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Julau, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Bintagor, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kapit, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Bintulu, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Belaga, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Tatau, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Lawas, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Batu Niah, Sarawak

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Limbang, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
2

Miri, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
3
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
3

Mukah, Sarawak

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
1

Langkawi, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Alor Setar, Kedah

SC Judges
3
MC Magistrates
4
SC Courtrooms
3
MC Courtrooms
5

Gurun, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sungai Petani, Kedah

SC Judges
4
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
2
MC Courtrooms
2

Yan, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Kulim, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
2
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
2

Bandar Baharu, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Baling , Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Sik, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Belantik, Kedah

SC Judges
1
MC Magistrates
0
SC Courtrooms
1
MC Courtrooms
0

Kuala Nerang, Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Jitra , Kedah

SC Judges
0
MC Magistrates
1
SC Courtrooms
0
MC Courtrooms
1

Source Documents

Court Mapping.pdf

Courts Infrastructure (2011)

Slide 14 shows the distribution of the subordinate courts (Sessions and Magistrates Courts) around the country as well as the staffing in each. In some regions (such as Sabah) reliance is placed on judges and magistrates going ‘on circuit’ where the case volume does not justify the establishment of permanent court. All the courts visited by the audit team (in Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Sabah) appeared modern and fully equipped with court recording and transcription (CRT) systems that had been recently installed.
 
The judiciary appears generally to be operating without its full complement of judges and magistrates:
•    The Court of Appeal has an establishment of 32 judges but 24 were filled as of January 2012.
•    The High Court has an establishment of 73 judges, with 62 filled and the support of 31 Judicial Commissioners.
•    The Sessions Court has an establishment of 157 judges, with 138 filled.
•    The Magistrates Court has an establishment of 193 magistrates with 157 filled.

Malaysia has (rounded up) 2 judges per 100,000 citizens. A glance at comparative figures in other countries provides some context. Thailand has 6.8 (per 100,000); Philippines: 2 – Australia: 4.4 – England and Wales:    3.5 (not counting roughly 30,000 lay justices of the peace).

Judicial pay scales differ between the superior courts (Federal Court, Appeal Court and High Court) and subordinate courts (Sessions and Magistrates Courts). The latter are paid in line with salary scales set by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission while the superior court judges are paid directly by the judiciary.

A magistrate can expect to start at RM1,989.45. In addition, allowances in for example Kuala Lumpur may result in supplements per month amounting to almost RM1,000.

A judge of the Superior Courts may expect between RM29,700 to RM55,000 per month.

Aside from short courses provided by ILKAP, training for new magistrates appears to be ‘on the job’. A magistrate (Penang) described her first posting by the LJSC where he started with a two week attachment with a senior magistrate in which he observed the procedure in all the courts and sat with a Senior Assistant Registrar for one week. There was no formal preparation: ‘you just start’.

New Magistrates spoke of the need for a formal course over 4-8 weeks (especially those who have not done any ‘chambering’) to include: civil and criminal procedure, sentencing principle and practice and judgment writing.

The training budget allocated to the judiciary in 2011 was RM 400,000 ($130,000).

The courts generated income in 2011 in the total sum of: RM 351,465,024.  This is paid into the Federal Consolidated Fund. The amount in 2011 is up by almost RM 100 million on previous years (RM257,541/2010; RM251,984/2009).

Total Judges / Magistrates

StateTotal
Sabah63
Selangor56
Sarawak50
Kuala Lumpur43
Perak36
Johor31
Pulau Pinang26
Kedah24
Pahang22
Kelantan20
Negeri Sembilan19
Terengganu14
Melaka11
Perlis2

Legend

60 to 80
40 to 60
20 to 40
0 to 20